Back to Main List
Back to Book List

Notes and Reflections on Books and Media

by Hannah Leitheiser

Motivation and Personality

Abraham Maslow




So far as the physiological needs are concerned, we in
our culture do not regard as character traits, food satiation or water satia-
tion, although under other cultural conditions we might. Even at this
physiological level, however, we get some borderline cases for our thesis.
Certainly, if we may speak of the needs for rest and sleep, we may there-
fore also speak of their frustration and its effects (sleepiness, fatigue, lack
of energy, loginess, perhaps even laziness, lethargy, etc.), and gratification
( alertness, vigor, zest, etc.). Here are immediate consequences of simple
need gratification which, if they be not accepted character traits, are at
least of definite interest to the student of personality. - Abraham Maslow, Motivation and Personality (1954)